Introduction and comparison of three kinds of poverty standard help us to find out that measuring poverty with income standard only is easy to cause underestimation of actual situation of poverty. The index of human development and multidimensional poverty index covers more extensive areas, which can actually reflect the essence of poverty. China's current poverty standard belongs to the absolute poverty standard, according to which, China will have basically solved poverty in 2020. However, solving absolute poverty does not mean the disappearance of poverty. With the further advance of China's poverty all eviation, absolute poverty standard should be adjusted to guarantee a higher degree of relative poverty standard; and to use household survey and poverty monitoring to construct multidimensional poverty monitoring database. The way to improve the effect of poverty alleviation, realize long-term poverty alleviation and push forward the process of overall well-off society is to formulate standard contains multiple dimensions of income, health, education, living conditions, health and ecological environment based on "two non-worry, three security" poverty alleviation standard.