Jingdezhen has a long history in its ceramic industry. This paper explores the historical development of ceramic industry: from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the ceramic industry in Jingdezhen was only in written documents, and no ceramic relics have been found. Then in Sui, Tang, Song and Ming Dynasties, the ceramic industry in Jingdezhen developed rapidly and became the center in China. In the early stage of Qing Dynasty, it reached its peak. However, in the mid-and-late stage of this period, it went through ups and downs. Such a survey gives us not only a clear picture about the historical development of the ceramic industry in Jingdezhen but also some experience for its future development.