The types and acres of cultivated land in the Qing Dynasty is a complicated issue, and few has been involved in the academic field. In the Qing Dynasty, the division of land types was quite different in the south and the north of China, so was the classification record of cultivated land. Shandong at that time was a direct province typical in north China, where there were many kinds of cultivated land, whose inconsistent names amount to over twenty. Based on the systematic research, sorting and classification of the county annals of Shandong in the Qing Dynasty, the cultivated land of Shangdong can be divided into five categories according to different causes, purposes and taxes and other factors: Daliang, Huangtian, Gengming, Xuewei and others. Analyzing the types of cultivated land in Shandong helps people to understand systematically the cultivated land classification in Shandong and other northern areas, to discriminate the origin and essence of different cultivated lands, to distinguish accurately the different nature of the cultivated lands, and to count effectively the cultivated land area of Shandong in the Qing Dynasty.